Values and Goals of OpenWISP¶
What is OpenWISP?¶
OpenWISP is a software platform designed to ease and automate the management of networks, with a special focus on wireless networks, mainly used in public wifi, mesh networks, community networks and IoT scenarios.
OpenWISP 2, launched in December 2016, is the new generation of the software which is gradually replacing OpenWISP 1 and aims to build an ecosystem of applications and tools that make it easy for developers to build custom networking applications in order to bring innovation in the network infrastructure of communities that most need it.
In the summer of 2008 the Province of Rome decided to start a free public Wi-Fi network to be spread over its 5352 SQ KM territory including Rome and 120 other cities for a total of about 4.5 million inhabitants.
The main objective of the project, called ProvinciaWiFi (later renamed WiFi Metropolitano), was to take a decisive step to reduce the existing digital divide by fostering and facilitating the use of ICT by citizens.
From the outset it was decided to commit the project to a completely open philosophy.
For this reason a clear choice towards open software and operating systems and the availability of every modification, update and improvement to the community was made. The same approach was adopted for the knowledge and the experience acquired within the project.
From then on, OpenWISP has been adopted by many other Italian and European cities and thanks to OpenWISP 2 our best practices are now being adopted globally.
1. Communication through electronic means is a human right¶
We believe that communication through electronic means is a FUNDAMENTAL human right.
According to Mozilla, 4 billion of people live without internet today.
Having seen the great progress the internet has brought to our society, we are deeply convinced that solving the issue of internet connectivity will help to alleviate the economic disparity that at the beginning of the 21st century is so evident in our world.
For these reasons, fighting digital divide, both primary (lack of infrastructure) and secondary (lack of know how) is our utmost priority.
2. Net Neutrality¶
We believe Net Neutrality to be beneficial to the internet because it allows everyone to have a fair treatment (non discrimination) to their private communications.
The very first public wifi networks that have been built with OpenWISP in Italy follow this principle very strictly: no content filtering of any type is allowed on these network, no special privilege is given to any private network.
For this reason we are against including into our ecosystem and documentation any software tool or tutorial that aims at implementing solutions that go against Net Neutrality.
We believe that privacy is very important for a healthy and well functioning society.
The very first public wifi networks that have been built with OpenWISP in Italy follow this principle very strictly: traffic logs are stored only for the period of time mandated by law and personal data is never sold to third parties.
For this reason we are against including into our ecosystem and documentation any software tool or tutorial that aims at implementing solutions that aim to collect user data with the aim of selling it to third parties without the explicit consent of the user.
4. Open Source, licenses and collaboration¶
We release all our software under Open Source licenses on github.com/openwisp.
We mainly use two type of licenses:
- GPLv3: we use this license for the software modules which we think have a potentially high commercial value for ISPs and private companies, our aim in using this license is to avoid the inclusion of these tools and modules in propietary closed source solutions, which would result in private companies profitting from the work of our community without contributing back to it
- BSD3 and MIT: we use these two very permissive licenses for experimental and innovative software modules which are very useful but do not deliver that kind of value which can be monetized easily. Therefore we hope that by allowing these modules to be included in proprietary solutions we will avoid having many organizations reinventing the wheel and we hope that a small percentage of the companies and individuals using them will contribute back even if not explicitly forced by the license
We believe in transparency and also work towards in making this very place as more of a Community than a Top Down Organization by warmly welcoming any new participant, contributor and user.
We want our community to be supportive, friendly and highly collaborative, with the aim of making the software useful to the broadest possible audience - as long as our core values are not distorted or ignored.
5. Software reusability means long term sustainability¶
Long time contributors of OpenWISP experienced first hand the consequences of dealing with unflexible monolithic applications which were hardly reusable outside of the narrow scope for which they were designed.
We have seen countless projects born with great promises, developing their code from scratch and then fading into oblivion, only to notice the same vicious cycle begin again some time later in some other area of the globe; think about it: what a waste of human effort, energy and resources!
The core OpenWISP 2 modules are licensed and built in a way that makes it possible for developers not involved in OpenWISP to include these modules in their own applications (according to their licenses).
This is leading to the creation of an ecosystem of modern networking software tools which is attracting developers from all over the world.
The mutual interest of the people who use, modify, share, resell and contribute to these modules is our foundation for long term sustainability.
- Help to solve the problem of lack of internet connectivity by making it easy to deploy and manage low cost network infrastructure all over the world
- Bring innovation in the networking software world by emphasizing automation, modularity, reusability, flexibility, extensibility and collaboration
- Create an ecosystem of software tools that can be used to create infinite OpenWISP derivatives that can be used to make human communication through electronic means easier and more affordable
- Alleviate the problem of vendor lock-in by attempting to support multiple operating systems and hardware vendors (although we now officially support only OpenWRT derivatives, but we do have 2 experimental configuration backends for Raspbian and AirOS)
- Provide good documentation both for users and developers
- Create web interfaces that are easy to use even for people who have limited experience with computer networking concepts (note: we are very far from reaching this goal as of end of 2017)